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Americans with Disabilities Act

The Americans with Disabilities Act was signed into law in 1990 and gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion. It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, State and local government services, and telecommunications.

The ADA is divided into Five Titles

Title One: Employment

Business must provide reasonable accommodations to protect the rights of individuals with disabilitiesin all aspects of employment.  Possible changes may include restructuring jobs, altering the layout of workstations, or modifying equipment.  Employment aspects may include the application process, hiring, wages, benefits and all other aspects of the employment.  Medical examinations are highly regulated.

Title Two: Public Services

Public services, which include state and local government instrumentalities, the National Railroad Passenger Corporation, and other commuter authorities, cannot deny services to people with disabilities participation in programs or activities which are available to people without disabilities.  In addition, public transportation systems, such as public transit buses, must be accessible to individuals with disabilities.

Title Three: Public Accommodations

All new construction and modifications must be accessible to individuals with disabilities.  For existing facilities, barriers to services must be removed if readily achievable.  Public accommodations include facilities such as restaurants, hotels, grocery stores, retail stores, etc., as well as privately owned transportation systems.

Title Four: Telecommunications

Telecommunication companies offering telephone service to the general public must have telephone relay service to individuals who use telecommunication devices for the Deaf (TTYs) or similar devices.

Title Five: Miscellaneous

Includes a provision prohibiting either a) coercing or threatening or b) retaliating against the disabled or those attempting to aid people with disabilities in asserting their rights under the ADA.

Information courtesy of the Department of Justice.

Information on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

LVCIL's Community Accessibility Program: http://www.lvcil.org/accessibility/
The Dept. of the Treasury's Website: www.ada.gov
The Mid-Atlantic ADA Center Website: www.adainfo.org
Contact LVCIL at 610-770-9781 or info@lvcil.org.

 

Americans with Disabilities Act logo

 

Pres. George H.W. Bush signing the ADA into law in July 1990

President George H.W. Bush signing the Americans with Disabilities Act into law in July 1990.